August 2021 Regulatory Update

NORTH AMERICA NEWS

USA: US Federal Trade Commission Publishes Final Rule 16 CFR 232 For “Made In USA” Labelling Rule

On 14 July 2021, the US Federal Trade Commission (FTC) published a new rule in the Notice of Proposed Rulemaking (NPRM) pursuant to its authority under 15 U.S.C. 45 relative to unqualified US origin claims.
This final rule became effective on 13 August 2021.

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On 16 July 2020, the Commission published a Notice of Proposed Rulemaking (“NPRM”) (85 FR 43162) seeking comments on a new rule regarding unqualified U.S.-origin claims (“MUSA claims”) on product labels.

After collecting public comments, the FTC published a new rule on 14 July 2021 to the extent any person introduces, delivers for introduction, sells, advertises, or offers for sale in commerce a product with a “Made in the U.S.A.” or “Made in America” label, or the equivalent thereof, in order to represent that such product was in whole or substantial part of domestic origin, such label shall be consistent with decisions and orders of the FTC.

The rule is published pursuant to the FTC’s authority under 15 U.S.C. 45a, where the statute authorizes the agency to issue rules to effectuate this mandate and prevent unfair or deceptive acts or practices relating to U.S. – origin claims (“MUSA claims”).

The final rule is prohibiting marketers from including unqualified U.S. origin claims on labels unless:

  1. Final assembly or processing of the product occurs in the United States,
  2. All significant processing for the product occurs in the United States, and
  3. All or virtually all of the product’s ingredients or components are made and sourced in the United States.

The rule also covers labels making unqualified MUSA claims appearing in mail order catalogues or mail order advertising.

For More Information About This Story:
Contact: Vivian Chan (Technical Consultant)
Phone: (852) 3185 8052
Email: regulatoryupdates@qima.com

USA: California Adopts Carpets and Rugs with PFAS as Priority Products

On 1 July 2021, The California Department of Toxic Substance Control (DTSC) adopted carpets and rugs containing PFAS as a Priority Product.

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On 1 July 2021, California’s Department of Toxic Substances Control (DTSC) adopted carpets and rugs containing per- or polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) as a Priority Product in accordance with the process identified in Article 3 of the Safer Consumer Products (SCP) regulations.

Carpets and rugs refer to any consumer product made from natural or synthetic fabric intended to be used as a floor covering inside commercial or residential buildings that contains any member of the class of perfluoroalkyl and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS). This includes carpeted door mats, but excludes floor coverings, wall items, table mats, vehicular or outdoor articles, camping sleeping mats and synthetic turf.

As priority products, the carpets and rugs manufacturers whose products contain any PFAS must submit the following documents:

  1. A priority product notification (PPN) specifying each product by 30 August 2021. The PPN must name all the products that contain PFAS and are sold in California.
  2. One of following documents by 28 December 2021:
    • a chemical removal intent/confirmation notification
    • a product removal intent/confirmation notification
    • a product-chemical replacement intent/confirmation notification
    • a Preliminary alternatives analysis report or alternative reporting options

The above action is not needed for the carpets and rugs manufacturers whose products do not contain any PFAS.

For More Information About This Story:
Contact: Andy Choi (Senior Manager)
Phone: (852) 3185 8045
Email: regulatoryupdates@qima.com

USA: More States Ban PFAS in Food Packaging

From May to July 2021, four more States within the USA prohibited the use of Per- and Polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) in food packaging.

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PFAS are a large family of thousands of man-made chemicals that are widely used throughout society. These chemicals are an increasing concern as they are resistant to degradation in the environment, very mobile, toxic and can bioaccumulate. To minimize environmental and human exposure to PFAS, in addition to the states of Washington, Maine and New York, the states of Connecticut, Minnesota, Michigan and Massachusetts have published their Bills to ban PFAS in food packaging.

The below table highlights these Bills.

State Bills Requirement of PFAS Scope Effective Date
Connecticut Bill No. 837 (Act No. 21-191) Prohibited if intentionally introduced Food packaging 31 December 2023
Minnesota S.F. No 20 Prohibited if intentionally introduced Food packaging 1 January 2024
Michigan Senate Bill No. 591 Prohibited if intentionally introduced Food packaging 1 January 2023
Massachusetts Senate Bill 1494 Prohibited if intentionally introduced Food packaging 1 January 2023

Food packaging means ‘any package or packaging component that is applied to or in direct contact with any food or beverage’.

For More Information About This Story:
Contact: Andy Choi (Senior Manager)
Phone: (852) 3185 8045
Email: regulatoryupdates@qima.com

USA: State of Maine Bans PFAS in All Products

Public law Chapter 477 “An Act to Stop Perfluoroalkyl and Polyfluoroalkyl Substances Pollution” was published on 15 July 2021, in the State of Maine, as the strictest regulation on per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) in the United States so far. Beginning 1 January 2023, carpet or rug and fabric treatment chemical substances that contain intentionally added PFAS will be prohibited for sale and other products with intentionally added PFAS will need to be notified. Maine’s state government may phase out other PFAS containing products by 2030, based on the notification database.

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This ground-breaking law would require notification on products for sale in the State of Maine that contain intentionally added PFAS beginning 1 January 2023. The content of the notification includes a brief description of product, the purpose of using PFAS, the amount of each PFAS, and so on. When the inventory is developed, the state government will identify and prioritize the product categories for sale prohibition where the likelihood to cause contamination of the state’s land or water resources might be a key factor.

The below table summarizes the prohibitions in this law.

Chemical Substances CAS no. Scope Requirement Effective Date
Perfluoroalkyl and Polyfluoroalkyl Substances (PFAS) Various Carpet or rug contains intentionally added PFAS Prohibited to sell, offer or distribute for sale 1 January 2023
Fabric treatment chemical substances contain intentionally added PFAS to provide the fabric with special characteristics such as water / stain resistance
Product contains intentionally added PFAS Notification by Manufacturer / Importer / Distributor of the product
    Product contains intentionally added PFAS and identified or prioritized by the state government unless the department has determined by rule that the use of PFAS in the product is a currently unavoidable use Prohibited to sell, offer or distribute for sale 1 January 2030
For More Information About This Story:
Contact: Andy Choi (Senior Manager)
Phone: (852) 3185 8045
Email: regulatoryupdates@qima.com

Canada: Formaldehyde Emission in Composite Wood Products is Regulated

Formaldehyde emissions from Composite Wood Products is now regulated in Canada under “Formaldehyde Emissions from Composite Wood Products Regulations” (CANFER, SOR/2021-148). It was published in the Canada Gazette, Part II on 7 July 2021. The date of enforcement is 7 January 2023.

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SOR/2021-148 regulates formaldehyde emitted from composite wood panels (including hardwood plywood, particleboard, medium-density fibreboard, and thin medium-density fibreboard), laminated product and finished goods containing them. This new Canadian law basically mirrors the similar law in the US called, “Formaldehyde Emission Standards for Composite Wood Products” (Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) Title VI).

Noteworthy points within the regulations, include but are not limited to, those listed below:

  • Testing and certification of composite wood panels and laminated product by approved laboratories and third-party certifiers using the same formaldehyde emission standards as in the US Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) Title VI
  • A list of products that are not applicable to this regulation including curved plywood, finger-jointed lumber, hardboard, and so on
  • The manufacturer of composite wood panels is only required to produce a declaration of certification for a product type, under certain circumstances, such as when the manufacturer has documents to demonstrate the composite wood panel type is certified under TSCA Title VI
  • Labelling in the form of a stamp, tag, or sticker on the applicable composite wood panels, laminated products, and the finished goods in English and French unless its largest surface is less than or equal to 929 cm2 (144 in2) which is the same as TSCA Title VI
For More Information About This Story:
Contact: Andy Choi (Senior Manager)
Phone: (852) 3185 8045
Email: regulatoryupdates@qima.com

United States (US) Recalls Summary (01 July 2021 to 31 July 2021)

In the US, when hazards are identified in consumer products, they will be recalled and published in the Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC) Recent Recalls on the CPSC website, which is updated daily. The US recalls from 01 July 2021 to 31 July 2021 are summarized below:

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Hazards Frequency
Injury Hazard 4
Burn Hazard 11
Fire Hazard 3
Choking Hazard 2
Other Hazards* 5

*Other Hazards include Laceration Hazard, Poisoning Hazard, Fall Hazard, Entrapment Hazard and Crushing Hazard with a frequency of less than 2.


Product Categories Frequency
Household Items 2
Tools and Hardware 2
Furniture 2
Sporting Goods / Equipment 2
Computer / Audio / Video / Other Electronics & Accessories 2
Electrical Appliances 2
Fabric / Textile / Garment / Home Textile 3
Other Categories* 4

*Other Categories include Chemicals, Home Electrical Appliances, Toys and Childcare Products and Footwear with a frequency of less than 2.


For a complete list click here


Canada Recalls Summary (01 July 2021 to 31 July 2021)

In Canada, when hazards are identified in consumer products, they will be recalled and published in the Recalls and Safety Alerts Database on the Health Canada website, which is updated daily. The Canada recalls from 01 July 2021 to 31 July 2021 are summarized below:

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Hazards Frequency
Fire Hazard 3
Injury Hazard 6
Burn Hazard 5
Health Risk Hazard 2
Fall Hazard 2
Other Hazards* 5

*Other Hazards include Laceration Hazard, Suffocation Hazard, Chemical Hazard, Choking Hazard and Crushing Hazard with a frequency of less than 2.


Product Categories Frequency
Household Items 4
Outdoor Living Items 4
Cannabis 2
Tools and Hardware 3
Computer / Audio / Video / Other Electronics & Accessories 2
Other Categories* 5

*Other Categories include Household Electrical Appliances, Sporting Goods / Equipment, Bodycare / Cosmetics, Footwear and Electrical Appliances with a frequency of less than 2.


For a complete list click here


EUROPE NEWS

United Kingdom: Amended Legislation on the Eco-design for Energy-related Products and Information Regulations 2021

The United Kingdom (UK) Eco-design Regulation came into force ensuring it remains aligned to the European Union’s regime post-Brexit on 1 July 2021 and provides new Eco-design and Energy Labelling requirements for certain energy-related products that are placed on the market in Great Britain.

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The purpose of the amendment is to provide new eco-design and energy labeling requirements for certain energy-related products put on the market in the UK.

The regulation updates existing Eco-design requirements to increase the minimum energy performance and to set material efficiency for:

  • Dishwashers;
  • Washing machines and dryers;
  • Fridges and freezers;
  • Televisions and other electronic displays for home use.

For appliances used by businesses, the rules also apply to electric motors, vending machines, retail fridges and freezers, power transformers and welding equipment.

The UK Eco-design Regulation also sets higher energy-efficiency standards for electrical products in line with European Union requirements and introduces energy labelling requirements for commercial refrigeration.

Manufacturers, retailers, and consumers will be impacted by this Regulation.

For More Information About This Story:
Contact: Vincent Wong (Technical Consultant for E&E)
Phone: (852) 3185 8000
Email: regulatoryupdates@qima.com

Sweden Published SFS 2021:676 that is an amendment to Act 2011:579 on the Safety of Toys on 24 June 2021

The Swedish Government enacted Law SFS 2021:676 which amends the Toys Safety Law 2011:579 to implement the provisions of EU Market Control Regulation (EU) 2019/1020 ensuring compliance with, and enforcement of, product legislation.
This law enters into force on 16 July 2021.

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In the new SFS 2021:676, section 24 states market control shall be exercised by the authority or authorities determined by the Government. Provisions on market surveillance are contained in the Regulation (EU) 2019/1020 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 20 June 2019 on market surveillance and conformity of products and amending Directive 2004/42/EC and Regulations (EC) No 765/2008 and (EU) No 305/2011.

Furthermore, a market control authority has the power to decide the measures under Regulation (EU) 2019/1020, in the original wording:

  1. To require documents, specifications, data or information in accordance with Article 14(4)(a) and 14(4)(b),
  2. To gain access to premises, land or means of transport in accordance with Article 14(4)(e), and
  3. To procure, inspect and dismantle samples of goods in accordance with Article 14(4)(j).

Manufacturers / importers who bring products to the market that are non-conforming to corresponding regulations may incur a fine, unless deemed unnecessary for special reasons.

For More Information About This Story:
Contact: Vivian Chan (Technical Consultant)
Phone: (852) 3185 8052
Email: regulatoryupdates@qima.com

European Union: EU C9-C14 Perfluorocarboxylic Acids (PFCAs) are Restricted Under EU Registration, Evaluation, Authorisation and Restriction of Chemicals (REACH) Annex XVII

Commission Regulation (EU) 2021/1297 was published on 5 August 2021 to restrict perfluorocarboxylic acids containing 9 to 14 carbon atoms in the chain (C9-C14 PFCAs), their salts and C9-C14 PFCA-related substances under entry 68 to REACH Regulation (EC) No. 1907/2006 Annex XVII. The date of entry into force is 25 February 2023.

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Originally, entry 68 to REACH Annex XVII restricted PFOA, its salts and PFOA-related substances. However, it was removed from the REACH regulation and included in the restriction by EU Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs) Regulation (EU) 2019/1021 in 2020.

Linear and branched perfluorocarboxylic acids containing 9 to 14 carbon atoms in the chain (‘C9-C14 PFCAs’), their salts and C9-C14 PFCA-related substances can occur as an unintended by-product during the manufacture of perfluorinated and polyfluorinated substances containing a carbon chain of less than nine carbon atoms, such as perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA). Furthermore, as PFOA is restricted, it is possible to begin to see C9-14 PFCAs used to replace PFOA. Thus, Commission Regulation (EU) 2021/1297 is published to include the restriction on these chemicals.

Chemical Substances Scope Requirement Effective Date
1) C9-C14 PFCAs including their salts, and any combinations thereof

2) C9-C14 PFCA-related substances, including their salts and any combinations thereof
Substances on their own Shall not be manufactured or placed on the market 25 February 2023
i) As a constituent in another substance;
ii) A mixture
iii) An article
C9-C14 PFCAs and their salts: 25 ppb (sum)
C9-C14 PFCA-related substances: 260 ppb (sum)
25 February 2023

Remark:

  1. C9-C14 PFCAs including their salts: Linear and branched perfluorocarboxylic acids of the formula CnF2n+1-C(= O)OH where n = 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, or 13;
  2. C9-C14 PFCA-related substance, including their salts:
    • Any C9-C14 PFCA-related substance including their salts having a perfluoro group with the formula CnF2n+1- directly attached to another carbon atom, where n = 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, or 13
    • Any C9-C14 PFCA-related substance including their salts having a perfluoro group with the formula CnF2n+1- that is not directly attached to another carbon atom, where n = 9, 10, 11, 12, 13 or 14 as one of the structural elements
    • The following substances are excluded
      1. CnF2n+1-X, where X = F, Cl, or Br where n = 9, 10, 11, 12, 13 or 14, including any combinations thereof,
      2. CnF2n+1-C(= O)OX' where n> 13 and X'=any group, including salts;
  3. There are several derogations on the requirement
  4. For More Information About This Story:
    Contact: Andy Choi (Senior Manager)
    Phone: (852) 3185 8045
    Email: regulatoryupdates@qima.com

European Union: Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons (PAHs) Restriction Extended to Infill Materials for Playgrounds and Sports Applications

After a several-year discussion, restriction of PAHs in granules or mulches used as infill material in synthetic turf pitches or in loose form on playgrounds or in sport applications is included in REACH Annex II entry 50 promulgated in Commission Regulation (EU) 2021/1199 on 21 July 2021. The date of entry into force is 10 August 2022.

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Under the Commission Regulation (EU) 2021/1199, the scope of the restriction in entry 50 to REACH Annex XVII for 8 PAHs is now expanded to granules or mulches used as infill material for specific applications. The below table summarizes the new updates. Other restriction applications for the 8 PAHs in entry 50 remain unchanged.

Chemical Substances CAS no. Scope Requirement Effective Date
8 PAHs in entry 50 to REACH Annex XVII Various Granules or mulches
  • used as infill material in synthetic turf pitches or
  • used in loose form on playgrounds or in sport applications
20 mg/kg (0,002 % (w/w)) (Sum) and marked with a unique identification number of the batch* 10 August 2022

* For granules or mulches placed on the market for usage as specified in the scope

For More Information About This Story:
Contact: Andy Choi (Senior Manager)
Phone: (852) 3185 8045
Email: regulatoryupdates@qima.com

Europe Recalls Summary (01 July 2021 to 31 July 2021)

In Europe, when hazards are identified in Non-food Consumer Products, the Products will be recalled and published in the Safety Gate system, which is updated weekly. The European recalls from 01 July 2021 to 31 July 2021 are summarized below:

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Hazards Frequency
Injury Hazard 45
Chemical Hazard 49
Choking Hazard 15
Electric Shock Hazard 25
Burn Hazard 13
Health Risk / Other Hazard 8
Strangulation Hazard 6
Damage to Sight 4
Other Hazards* 7

*Other Hazards include Entrapment Hazard, Damage to Hearing, Suffocation Hazard and Fire Hazard with a frequency of less than 4.


Product Categories Frequency
Toys and Childcare Products 35
Jewellery 16
Computer / Audio / Video / Other Electronics & Accessories 13
Protective Equipment 15
Chemicals 8
Electrical Appliances 15
Fabric / Textile / Garment / Home Textilea 16
Outdoor Living Items 28
Bodycare / Cosmetics 9
Other Categories* 10

*Other Categories include Food Contact Material, Home Electrical Appliances, Household Items, Footwear and Tools and Hardware with a frequency of less than 8.


Notifying Country Frequency
Germany 11
Lithuania 10
Hungary 12
Belgium 31
France 25
Bulgaria 12
Sweden 8
Finland 8
Other Countries* 48

*Other Countries include Denmark, Latvia, The Netherlands, Czechia, Norway, Ireland, Poland, Slovakia, Austria, Spain, Italy, Croatia, Luxembourg and Romania with a frequency of less than 8.


For a complete list click here


AUSTRALIA NEWS

Australia Recalls Summary (01 July 2021 to 31 July 2021)

In Australia, when hazards are identified in consumer products, they will be recalled and published in the Recalls and Safety Alerts Database on the Australian Competition & Consumer Commission website, which is updated daily. The Australia recalls from 01 July 2021 to 31 July 2021 are summarized below:

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Hazards Frequency
Health Risk Hazard 5
Choking Hazard 12
Injury Hazard 12
Burn Hazard 4
Irritation Hazard 2
Other Hazards* 6

*Other Hazards include Strangulation Hazard, Scalding Hazard, Fire Hazard, Suffocation Hazard, Chemical Hazard and Electric Shock Hazard with a frequency of less than 2.


Product Categories Frequency
Household Items 2
Food Contact Material 3
Electrical Appliances 2
Toys and Childcare Products 10
Fabric / Textile / Garment / Home Textile 2
Sporting Goods/ Equipment 2
Medical Devices 3
Other Categories* 4

*Other Categories include Pharmacy, Furniture, Tools and Hardware and Jewellery with a frequency of less than 2.


For a complete list click here


ASIA NEWS

China: Regulatory Updates to (Aug 2021) –FZ/T 73018-2021 “Wool Knitting Goods” and FZ/T 73005-2021 “Low Wool Content and Wool Like Knitting Goods” were Implemented on 1 July 2021

The standard FZ/T 73018-2021 “Wool knitting goods” and FZ/T 73005-2021 “Low wool content and wool like knitting goods” (hereinafter referred to as the "New Standard") replaces the old version FZ/T73018-2012 (hereinafter referred to as the "Old Standard"). The New Standard was formally introduced into force 1 July 2021.

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The purpose of the regulatory updates was to:

  1. Increase the basic safety technical requirements on children's products to comply with the provisions of GB 31701;
  2. Change the grades to excellent, first-class and qualified;
  3. Delete the requirements for color fastness of printing parts and hanging dyeing products.

The main modified contents are as follows:

FZ/T 73018-2021 FZ/T 73005-2021
  1. Modified fiber content according to the GB/T 29862 standard
  2. Increased the dry-cleaning size change rate assessment index
  3. Modified the assessments of color fastness to washing, perspiration, water and dry cleaning and adjusted the requirements
  4. Increased testing and assessments for cross staining
  5. Added testing and increased assessment index of alkylphenol and alkylphenol polyoxyethylene ether
  1. Changed the name of bursting strength testing to bursting strength
  2. Adjusted the requirement of knitted density coefficient
  3. Increased requirements for antibacterial properties
  4. Increased itch sensitivity requirements, testing method IWTO-66
  1. Adjusted the washing program on shrinkage change rate

For more details, please refer to the standards of FZ/T 73018-2021 and FZ/T 73005-2021.

For More Information About This Story:
Contact: David Zhao (Technical Consultant)
Phone: (571) 8999 7142
Email: regulatoryupdates@qima.com

China Recalls Summary (01 July 2021 to 31 July 2021)

In China, when hazards are identified in consumer products, they will be recalled and published in the SAMR Defective Product Administrative Centre, which is updated daily. The China recalls from 01 July 2021 to 31 July 2021 are summarized below:

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Hazards Frequency
Electric Shock Hazard 8
Burn Hazard 2
Safety Risk Hazard 3
Health Risk Hazard 5
Fire Hazard 7
Injury Hazard 3
Cut Hazard 2
Other Hazards* 3

*Other Hazards include Entanglement Hazard, Suffocation Hazard and Fall Hazard with a frequency of less than 2.


Product Categories Frequency
Electrical Appliances 12
Food Contact Material 3
Tools and Hardware 2
Footwear 2
Stationary 2
Other Categories* 6

*Other Categories include Household Items, Toys and Childcare Products, Sporting Goods / Equipment, Protective Equipment, Fabric / Textile / Garment / Home Textile and Furniture with a frequency of less than 2.


Provinces Frequency
Jiangsu 9
Anhui 10
Beijing 3
Chongqing 1
Tianjin 1
Fujian 2
Shanghai 1

For a complete list click here


AUGUST CONTRIBUTORS

Andy Choi

Vivian Chan

Vincent Wong

David Zhao

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